Kerala Surgical Journal

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 122--126

Comparative study on outcome of thyroidectomy with and without placement of drain


D Thahzina Rahim, J Muhammed Salim 
 Department of General Surgery, Azeezia Institute of Medical Science and Research, Kollam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. D Thahzina Rahim
Department of General Surgery, Azeezia Institute of Medical Science and Research, Kollam - 691 537, Kerala
India

Background: Many surgeons routinely use drains after thyroidectomy. The present study aimed to analyse and compare the immediate post-operative outcome in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy with and without placement of drain. Materials and Methods: A comparative observational study was conducted in 30 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy. They were randomly allocated to drain and no drain group post-operatively, with 15 subjects in each group, and the immediate post-operative outcome was assessed on day 0, day 1 and day 3 post-operatively, based on five parameters – post-operative pain, duration of hospital stay, haematoma formation, seroma formation and wound infection. The results were analysed statistically with Chi-square test and Mann–Whitney U test. Results and Discussion: Mean age of the participants was 36.07. All were females. There was association between post-operative pain and placement of drain, pain being less in participants without drain. Post-operative drain had no added advantage in preventing haematoma. None of the study subjects developed wound infection following thyroidectomy in any of the categories. There was a significant statistical association between the two groups based on hospital stay, and patients without drain were discharged earlier when compared to the patients with drain. Conclusion: Routine drain placement after thyroid surgery is not necessary, as thyroid surgery without the drain decreased the length of hospital stay without increasing patient morbidity. Placing of drain increased post-operative pain significantly.


How to cite this article:
Rahim D T, Salim J M. Comparative study on outcome of thyroidectomy with and without placement of drain.Kerala Surg J 2021;27:122-126


How to cite this URL:
Rahim D T, Salim J M. Comparative study on outcome of thyroidectomy with and without placement of drain. Kerala Surg J [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Jun 26 ];27:122-126
Available from: http://www.keralasurgj.com/article.asp?issn=WKMP-0210;year=2021;volume=27;issue=2;spage=122;epage=126;aulast=Rahim;type=0