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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 198-201

Feasibility of pectoralis major myocutaneous flap for primary reconstruction of near-total glossectomy defects: A report of 2 cases

1 Department of Surgical Oncology, Pushpagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Tiruvalla, Kerala, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Pushpagiri College of Dental Sciences, Tiruvalla, Kerala, India
3 Dental Hub Dental and Maxillofacial Center, Ernakulam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jency Mathews
Department of Surgical Oncology, Pushpagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Thiruvalla, Pathanamthitta - 689 101, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ksj.ksj_32_22

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The aim of tongue cancer surgery is to restore speech and swallowing. Smaller defects have a plethora of options, including local and distant flaps to restore volume and function may not be compromised. Large tumours of the tongue require extensive resection - near total or total glossectomy, which creates large volume defects. Free flaps using microvascular reconstruction techniques are the ideal method of reconstruction in such defects. Regional flaps like pectoralis major myocutaneous (PMMC) flaps are used only as salvage flaps when the free flaps fail and they are not used as the primary method of reconstruction. The disadvantage with free flaps is that it requires a team of surgeons with microvascular expertise, which may not be feasible in low-resource settings. Hence, the workhorse flap of head–neck reconstruction, the PMMC flap, has a lot to offer in the primary reconstruction of large tongue defects. There is always a risk of lifelong dependence on feeding tubes and tracheostomy tubes following these surgeries despite free flap reconstruction. The outcomes of the reconstruction methods are validated by the absence of dependence on these tubes. We report 2 cases of near glossectomy defects reconstructed primarily by PMMC flap and the functional outcomes of speech and swallowing and the absence of dependence on tubes for feeding and breathing.

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