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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 133-137

LRINEC (Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis) scoring system as a predictor for early diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis in soft-tissue infections

1 Department of General Surgery, General Hospital Thalassery, Palissery, Thalassery, Kerala, India
2 Department of General Surgery, KIMSHEALTH Hospital, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
3 Department of General Surgery, Government Medical College Hospital Manjeri, Vellarangal, Manjeri, Kerala, India
4 Department of General Surgery, Kaduvayil Thangal Charitable Trust Hospital, Chathampara, Thottakkadu, Kallambalam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. C Rajeev
Department of General Surgery, KIMSHEALTH Hospital, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 029, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ksj.ksj_45_22

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Introduction: Necrotizing soft-tissue infections are often fatal, characterized by extensive necrosis of the fascia and subcutaneous tissues. To aid the early diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis (NF), there is a Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) scoring system for the early diagnosis of NF. Our study was undertaken to evaluate LRINEC score, based on routine laboratory investigations that are readily available, that could help distinguish NF from other soft-tissue infections. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on all inpatients, admitted with features of soft-tissue infections suspected to have NF and later underwent wound debridement or amputation in a tertiary care hospital. LRINEC score more than or equal to 6 was considered as case and the score <6 considered as control. Both were treated with intravenous (IV) antibiotics, IV fluids and surgical intervention based on their clinical findings and outcome. The confirmatory diagnosis for NF was done through culture of tissue and other body fluids. Results: The cutoff value of LRINEC for predicting NF was 6 with sensitivity of 85.7% and specificity of 70.7%. The negative predictive value of LRINEC-OC was 87.9% and positive predictive value (PPV) 66.7%. The accuracy was 76.8%. Conclusion: LRINEC scoring system has a better PPV in identifying the onset of NF and risk strategizing of the patients with severe soft-tissue infections. We recommend LRINEC score to be used as a predictor in the diagnosis of NF. Multi-disciplinary team may guide immediate operative and supportive management, thereby improving the clinical outcome of the patient.

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